coal fired steam boiler 1000kg to 20 ton
Should be fitted with a rear quarter, oil-fired boilers at least one proof biomass boiler fuel wide variety of sources of renewable energy, green, it contains little sulfur, the fuel should be a checksum less ash pan, which is capable of absorbing growth process produces combustion all CO2, to achieve zero CO2 emissions. Biomass energy will gradually replace coal, one of the main energy sources. Biomass comprising a rear quarter straw, wood branches, wood processing waste, grain husks, shell furnace fitted with at least a sugar residue, diesel and the like. Its shape and size can be divided into chips (3mm), bar (> 50mm) form three. I since 2003, with 16 domestic well-known institutions of higher learning with the boiler pressure should be less than the rated steam temperature corresponding saturation pressure. Often is to control the pressure inside the drum safety valve should stabilize production plant requirements or by pressure "Steam Boiler Safety Technology Supervision" provided at least once every school setting and inspection. Thermometer: school inspection and maintenance comply with national metrology temperature measuring instruments. After a quarter should be fitted with a checksum at least once. Blowdown: discharge (see Section sewage) Normal operation: normal combustion conditions in the furnace should increase is flat seam necessary thickness of the fire bed. Iron grate into the furnace should not burn when the boiler load lower than the ring. Together, absorb advanced technology counterparts at home and abroad, the gradual development of biomass boilers, and continue to improve in practice in the operation, currently has a mature and stable technology, oil-fired boiler products are widely used.
At 10:00 on September 6 and more, Harbin, a business is the purchase of a new boiler equipment installation, commissioning process when staff at a boiler pressure gauge index found that the performance of the boiler abnormal, but not so the commissioning personnel when the next step, a sudden loud noise, boiler explosion, a huge flame and furnace pressure debugging of oil spray everywhere, four commissioning personnel are subject to varying degrees of injuries, was taken to hospital for treatment .
Boiler is an energy conversion device, by entering the fuel to the boiler, chemical energy, power, etc., outputs a constant steam heat, hot water or organic heat carrier, to provide support for the heat industries. Meanwhile, the boiler is also a special equipment has a certain risk, when the boiler installation, commissioning, operation, etc., be sure to boiler operation safety first.
Now, Xiao Bian to operational safety considerations gas boiler summarize, we can refer to.
First, start, boost, steam supply
1, before the start of the preparatory work
Internal and external check: Check boiler, burner, a good state of the accessory device; action safety accessories, each of the valves, such as flexible instruments, the correct position.
Check the line voltage to meet the requirements, a variety of normal switch position, respectively, various auxiliary pump starts operating, the burner fan, oil pump is normal.
Boiler Feed: exhaust valve opening, to ensure the normal water level (just below the water level).
Firstly purging the furnace, induced draft fan suction time is usually about 10 minutes to ensure that no residual gas in the furnace, passing substitutions, and ignition for combustion air supply.
After firing is completed according to the adjustment amount of load required for combustion, the boiler into normal operation.
During startup, to closely monitor changes in water level, water boiler accident or occurrence textile full of water accidents.
Second, the normal operation
1, the water level
Fuel gas-fired boiler water table should be the red line indicating the high, medium and low water level, the operation shall not exceed the maximum safe level or below the minimum safe level.
Rinse water table at least once per shift, when there is suspicion of running water, rinse should always check.
2, steam pressure
Red lines indicate the working pressure gauge should have, so sensitive and reliable, the trap should be flushed at least once a week.
3, safety valve
Safety valve should seal intact, no leakage; once a week manually (or automatically) emission test, and begin start pressure, opening pressure, reseating pressure and test time, participants, etc credited maintenance log book u, for future reference .
Proceed as boiler water quality requirements of water quality testing personnel under the guidance of class 1 or 2 times sewage, sewage incident not too long, generally no more than 10 minutes.
Sewage should (preferably when shutdown), should be closely monitored sewage water level changes, and pay attention to safety at the time of low load, low pressure, high water level.
Many boilers when sharing a sewage mains, while sewage is prohibited.
1, the normal shutdown
After normal boiler shutdown should generally be reduced boiler load operation, press the boiler shutdown procedure. Actuated pump water to high water level, pressure steam boiler to be dropped after 0.3MPa flushing water table and sewerage operations, and finally close the raft, cut off the power supply control cabinet, wipe equipment, clean up the environment and health, For water, the water temperature should be below after 70 ℃, before proceeding.
2, emergency shutdown
When the boiler operation in the following situations should immediately shutdown:
Furnace water level drops below the minimum water level gauge visible edges.
Increasing water supply and other measures, but digital still continue to fall.
Boiler water level exceeds the highest visible water table level (full of water), the water still can not see the water level.
All water supply system water pump failure or malfunction, not water to the boiler.
Water gauge or safety valve all the failures.
Endanger the boiler element is damaged and the safety of operating personnel.
Combustion equipment damage, or furnace wall collapse and other red-hot boiler structure is a serious threat to the safe operation of the boiler.
Other anomalies endanger the safe operation of the boiler.
Before maintenance work should be well prepared, as before entering the drum interior work, must be of sufficient strength to connect all of the metal blocking plate spaced reliable steam, water, sewage and other operation of the boiler pipes, and the drum manholes and hand holes (boiler shell) is opened, so that air convection period.
After the completion of preparations to repair. Should ensure that the quarterly frequency of boiler maintenance and repair of the year.
Advances in technology to the boiler industry into new and innovative ideas, now the boiler manufacturers boiler are easy targets toward the operation forward, but in the use of the boiler, improper operation or other quality problems still exist, these failures will It is causing the direct cause of the explosion boilers. Therefore, when using the boiler must be in strict accordance with safety practices boiler, security incidents strangled in the cradle.
Introduce some common sense about the boiler 1, the critical speed of the circulating fluid bed boiler. Gas flow rate corresponding to the minimum fluidization velocity or become known as the critical fluidization velocity. 2, the flow characteristics of circulating bed boiler? A high combustion efficiency of the fuel adaptability 2 3 4 desulfurization efficiency is low nitrogen oxide emissions high combustion intensity 5, 6 simply small cross-sectional area of the furnace fuel and coal pretreatment system 7, a large load adjustment range, adjustment is easy to implement fast ash 8 utilization. 3, the partition circulating fluid bed boiler furnace and the corresponding characteristics into dense and dilute phases, a lower dense phase zone of the furnace, filled with hot materials, is a stable source of hot, heat storage is a thermal store , flow therethrough in an upper dilute phase zone of the furnace, the fuel air are required. 4, the positive balance calculation boiler efficiency, combustion of coal, boiler heat losses What? Coal particles is heated and dried: volatile combustion and precipitation: coal particles swell and rupture: re-cracking and coke burning carbon particles and wear. Heat loss 1 2 3 Chemical incomplete combustion loss of physical mechanical incomplete combustion heat of the loss heat loss 4 5 ash. 5, the charging cycle 4 Effect Effect Effect amount of the main factors affecting combustion in the boiler of a coal particle size distribution and particle 2 was 3 Effect fluidization velocity excess air factor 5 bed temperature Dense Phase 6 . 6, the basic form of the heat transfer in? In the heat transfer process, there are three basic ways of heat transfer: thermal and heat transfer, convective heat and radiant heat transfer. 7, their role in recycling and recycling processes? By the economizer feed water into the steam drum, a descending pipe into the water wall, by absorbing the heat released by the combustion of the fuel heating the water in the saturated steam passes through the heat absorbing further heat saturated steam into dry steam heating. 8, sewage, drainage pipe What? Sewer: blowdown drum door (left and right) turn on the water accident door, front door header sewage, sewage tank after the door, left the door header sewage and right door header sewage, sewage water jacket door (about) Dipleg sewage door. Drainage pipe: the low temperature superheater inlet header hydrophobic doors, front / rear desuperheater hydrophobic door header, the high-temperature superheater inlet / outlet header, the header hydrophobic dispensing door. 9, then what are pipe drum? Meter and accessories? Superheater, economizer recirculation duct, platoon expansion tube, a condenser tube, soot blower tube, economizer inlet pipe, the discharge pipe accident, centralized downcomer platoon expansion, a water level gauge, a thermometer, security door, pressure gauge, gas-water separator, header. 10, the cyclone structure and working principle? Cylindrical body, the central cylinder, a cone, a loop seal, the material returning leg, from the high temperature flue gas out of the furnace, two left and right into the two cyclones, increase after turning flue flue gas velocity in the cylinder the center of rotation of the form cylinder back down into the cone upwardly from the central cylinder wall Shuaixiang excluded smoke particles under high effort when the cone reaches the end coupled with its heavy fall below the loop seal. 11, Refeeder role? The ash from the circulation loop seal into the furnace combustion chamber 12, acting characteristics superheater? The use of flue gas heated to a certain pressure saturated steam superheated steam. 13, bag filter works and composition? Principle: inlet flue gas-containing flue dust particles into the lower caul plate over the flue dust reduction chamber, and then through the outlet to reduce the wind speed of the flue draft fan withdrawn via the discharge plenum chamber clean flue upper portion of the bag filter the atmospheric composition: inlet flue, the caul plate, the reduction of flue gas chamber, bag, net flue gas plenum chamber exit gas, ash silo, rotating ash blowing device, the air reservoir. 14, to the mounting position of the coal feeder, the number, composition mounted on the front wall of the furnace, the number of stage three consists of: a motor, a belt coal feeder, reducer, the motor slide. 15, the process of slag from the furnace down the three tap outlet derived by the discharge of slag, after water cooling to cool to a certain temperature onto the cooling belt-type transfusion Pa, and then transported by the inclined transport slag to the slag bin .
To enhance the thermal efficiency gas boilers What environmental policy: the combustion efficiency of combustion represents the degree of complete combustion. To improve the combustion efficiency of gas boilers and environmental protection, we must try to adjust the combustion conditions and better organization of the furnace, fuel combustion, reducing q3 and q4. Gas boiler environmental protection reduce exhaust gas temperature: at present China's industrial boiler flue gas temperature is high, is one of the main reasons of the low gas boiler thermal efficiency and environmental protection. Each small boiler flue gas temperature decreased 15-20 ° C, 15 ° C decreased every large boiler, a 1% increase in the thermal efficiency of the boiler gas. Accordingly, to try to reduce exhaust gas temperature flue gas heat recovery, reducing heat losses q2, the fuel savings. Softened water supply and condensate recovery: boiler feed water softening treatment and condensate recovery measures is to improve the thermal efficiency of the boiler. Raw water contains various impurities and fouling material, if not the water treatment boiler fouling. Low thermal conductivity of the scale, so that once the heating surface fouling due to increased thermal resistance, gas boiler output decreased to increase coal consumption, reducing the thermal efficiency of the boiler. Boiler keeps running at rated load: When natural gas boiler overload, due to the amount of fuel to be increased, the coal seam thickened, grate speed, air volume must be increased to meet the increased load required. Thick coal seam and grate faster incomplete combustion of the solid increase in losses due to increased air volume, the short residence time in the furnace flue gas, some burning of combustible gas has not finished on the drain with the flue gas, so incomplete combustion gas heat loss is increased. Meanwhile, when the overload operation, since the furnace temperature is increased thickening seam, exhaust gas temperature increase accordingly, so that heat loss is increased. Boiler low load operation, the amount of reducing gas, the furnace temperature is lowered, deterioration of the combustion conditions, incomplete combustion loss q3, q4 is also increased. When the boiler load is only 50%, due to a significant reduction in temperature in the furnace, it is difficult to maintain stable combustion furnace. Low load operation relatively increased heat loss, the overload or low-load operation the boiler will result in reduced thermal efficiency of the boiler. Strengthen the insulation, sealing, anti-leakage, anti-risk: Due to the wall gas boiler, soda temperature heat pipe system is better than the boiler room air temperature is high, so that part of the heat pipe system and soda furnace wall to radiation and convection to the loss of ambient air, heat radiation loss becomes the boiler. Only the furnace heat of the heat loss, reduces the temperature of the furnace at the same time, it affects the combustion. Therefore, the use of advanced insulation materials to strengthen the walls and heat insulation boiler pipes, reducing heat loss and improve the thermal efficiency of gas boilers and environmental protection. Temperature and security issues to resolve gas coal fired steam boiler 1000kg to 20 ton