coal fired high temperature steam boiler
The whole structure of normal pressure BoilerThe whole structure of atmospheric pressure boiler consists of boiler body and auxiliary equipment. The main components of boiler, such as furnace, boiler barrel, burner, water-cooled wall superheater, economizer, air preheater, frame and furnace wall, constitute the core part of steam production, which is called boiler body. The two main components of the boiler body are the furnace and the drum. The furnace, also known as the combustion chamber, is the space for fuel combustion. The furnace in which the solid fuel is placed on the grate is called a layer furnace, also known as a bed furnace; the liquid, gas or powdered solid fuel is injected into the furnace burning in the fire chamber, which is called a chamber furnace, or a fire chamber furnace; the air turns coal particles into the furnace, which is called a chamber furnace, or a fire chamber furnace; the air turns the coal particles into a chamber furnace, also known as a fire chamber furnace. It is called boiling furnace, also called fluidization bed furnace, in which the furnace with boiling state and suitable for burning inferior fuel is called boiling furnace, and the cylindrical furnace which uses air flow to make coal particles rotate at high speed and burns intensively is called whirlwind furnace. The furnace design needs to take fully into account the characteristics of the fuel used. Each boiler should burn the original fuel as far as possible. The economy and reliability of boiler operation may be reduced when the fuel with different characteristics is used.
The characteristics of internal circulating fluidized bed boiler
The internal circulating fluidized bed boiler (ICFB) efficiently co-combusts industrial waste, biomass fuel and coal, provides steam or hot water, and sets new standards in limiting SOx and NOx generation. In addition to the characteristics of general CFB boiler, the internal CFB boiler also has the following special structure and characteristics:
1. The internal CFB boiler has buried pipes, which can increase the heating area and regulate the temperature in the dense area.
2. The internal CFB boiler has a large area of air distribution bed, so that the boiler has more heat storage, which is conducive to fuel combustion and burnout, and provides a congenital condition for a wider variety of coal adaptability;
3. The internal CFB boiler has a large cross-sectional area of the furnace, the flow rate of flue gas is low, which can improve the primary combustion rate of fuel, reduce the wear of the furnace, reduce the power consumption and energy consumption;
4. The wind arch composed of secondary air can supply oxygen and disturbance on the one hand, and on the other hand, can lengthen the combustion time of coal, which is conducive to coal burnout;
5. Water-cooled membrane wall of the cyclone separator, effectively prevent high temperature coking and center cylinder bias, which improves the efficiency of the separator;
6. Porous and controllable feed return valve makes the feed return reliable, even if the feed return has a coke block, since there are a lot of feed back port, there is no need to immediately stop the furnace, the user can stop the furnace when it is available for them to clear the coke.
7. Tail flue gas duct patented technology: water cooling furnace roof and chevron water cooling flue gas duct, can effectively solve the roof and smoke wall collapse and leakage of ash or air, which improve the environment of the boiler room.
Recently, Tianjin issued a notice to expand the scope of the ban on high-pollution fuel combustion zone, which is based on high-pollution fuel combustion zone ban on the delineation of Tianjin in 2015, to further expand this range, Tianjin has completed the bulk of urban and rural coal clean energy alternative areas have been completed and no did not go to the construction of Wuqing classified as high-pollution fuel combustion zone ban, and to delineate new range of units street town combustion zone ban.
1, the implementation of zoning classification control. Still requires strict control within the range 2015 designated combustion zone ban, prohibited the use of a single steam of less than 35 t / h of coal-fired boiler, steam 35 tons / hr or higher requires a particularly coal-fired boiler for emission limits or ultra-low emission requirements, while a total ban on all kinds of loose coal burning.
2, ban on burning area has expanded. New ban on burning area of 3107.99 square kilometers, Binhai New Area and design Dongli, Xiqing, Jinnan, Beichen, Wuqing, Baodi, Ninghe 9 district and Haihe Education Park. After the adjustment, the city's high-pollution fuel combustion zone ban area of 830.54 square kilometers by 2015 increased to 3938.53 square kilometers, accounting for 33.05 percent of the city's total area.
3, clearly biomass fuel control requirements. According to local emission standards biomass fired boiler air pollutants Tianjin promulgated in 2018, re-notice provisions of the central city, Binhai New Area, the seat of government of other towns and other key areas of government regulations prohibit burning biomass briquettes .
Run chemical plant boiler problems that may arise is what chemical plant boiler operation possible problem is? There are two main chemical plant boiler evaporation: evaporation and rated maximum continuous evaporation. When the chemical plant boiler load is higher than the maximum continuous evaporation, it indicates the operating force or overload. The following problems may occur super-load operation: Main results are as follows: (1) due to increased fuel consumption, furnace volume heat load increases, the furnace temperature and furnace flue gas outlet temperature, resulting in the superheater and reheater the superheated steam temperature and wall temperature, and must therefore be strictly monitored and adjusted. Try not to let this time overheating. Coal furnace, furnace volume due to the increased thermal load, increasing the likelihood of slagging. (2) the flow rate of chemical evaporation apparatus system working fluid increases, the flow resistance is increased, it is not conducive to water circulation. Therefore, we should pay particular attention to the monitoring of the water cycle bad area. (3) the pressure differential between the drum and the superheater outlet flow increases as the working fluid and superheater flow resistance increases, so that the pressure of the steam drum and headers increases, the strength of these components must be considered . Space volume load (4) the steam drum, the load increases the evaporation surface, saturated with water vapor would increase, thus affecting the quality of steam. (5) chemical plant boiler safety valve Total displacement designed according to a maximum continuous evaporation. If the chemical plant boiler overload, once the sudden load shedding, the safety valve will not fully open, the steam pressure can not be reduced quickly. At this point, it is necessary to ensure the safety of the boiler by chemical vapor released into the air exhaust valve. (6) With the increase of the amount of air required for combustion and the amount of smoke produced, once sufficient air supply, the air volume is insufficient, the chemical conditions affecting the combustion boiler, increasing the likelihood of slagging; In addition, since the flue gas velocity the increase in fly ash increased the degree of wear of the heating surface. (7) during operation, the exhaust gas temperature rises, the exhaust gas heat loss; shorter residence time in the furnace the fuel, incomplete combustion heat loss of mechanical and chemical incomplete combustion to increase the heat loss, reduce the thermal efficiency of the chemical plant boilers. In summary, the excess chemical plant boiler operation have an adverse impact on the security and economic, should generally not excessive run. If the special emergency must also be strictly limited scope and excess power beyond the time required to force.